Social psychology 4 attitudes prejudice and behavior discrimination. However, what specifically does selfconcept consist of. The theory of cognitive dissonance in social psychology proposes that people have a motivational drive to reduce dissonance by altering existing. Schema model of the selfconcept the total selfconcept the schema model leads to a distinctly different definition of the selfconcept than is commonly encountered in the nursing literature. Explain how social psychology has defined selfawareness and the selfconcept. It can be influenced by social situations and even ones own motivation for seeking selfknowledge. Self concept is a construct that differentiates social roles self concept is a construct that lies ahead of the actual and ideal. The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about ourselves, me the self is composed of our self concept and self awareness self concept the content of the self our knowledge about who we are the self is also the active processor of information, the i. The readings are in thematic sections covering topics such as selfknowledge, selfesteem, selfregulation, selfpresentation, and the self and culture.
Nov 12, 2018 self concept is an individuals knowledge of who he or she is. Selfcomplexity provides a buffer against negative emotions. Explore the impact of the labeling bias, self labeling, and internalized prejudice on peoples self concepts, particularly in those from marginalized social groups. Describe the concept of the lookingglass self and how it affects our self concept. Study 35 terms social psychology flashcards quizlet. The researchers wanted to narrow this down and focused only on measuring selfconcept concerning academic skills. Popular concerns about the selfesteem movement reflect a lack of understanding about this complex construct and about research on positive psychology. Self concept is made up of ones self schemas, and interacts with self esteem, self knowledge, and the social self to form the self as a whole. Feb 15, 20 threat to self concept cognitivedissonance theory cognitive dissonance is a discomfort caused by holding conflicting cognitions e. Research also suggests that each individual has a global or overall selfconcept that reflects how the individual evaluates his or her selfworth as a whole. By self means the conscious reflection of ones own identity, as an individual separate from other or environment.
Social psychologists would say that she has high self complexity. Pdf defining and measuring selfconcept change researchgate. Social comparison occurs when we learn about our abilities and skills, about the appropriateness and validity of our opinions, and about our relative social status by comparing our own attitudes, beliefs, and. Like many topics within psychology, a number of theorists have proposed different ways of thinking about self concept. Apr 29, 2020 social psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with how social influences affect how people think, feel, and act. Social psychologists would say that she has high selfcomplexity. The researchers wanted to narrow this down and focused only on measuring self concept concerning academic skills and performance. Components of the self concept include physical, psychological, and social attributes, which can be influenced by the individuals attitudes, habits, beliefs and ideas. Early interest in the self in american psychology at the turn of the present century, when american psychology began to. Selfconcept is an individuals knowledge of who he or she is. Selfesteem, study skills, selfconcept, social support.
Rather than defining self concept as a single average view of the self i. Rather than defining selfconcept as a single average view of the self i. Lets look at three specific examples of how we distort reality, just a little, to maintain these selfserving views. According to carl rogers, selfconcept has three components. The study of the concept of attitude is important for psychologists and particularly social psychologists and sociologists. Threat to self concept cognitivedissonance theory cognitive dissonance is a discomfort caused by holding conflicting cognitions e. The academic self concept scale for adolescents minchekar, 2019 was developed in response to the idea that many self concept questionnaires and measures are quite broad. Define and describe the self concept, its influence on information processing, and its diversity across social groups. Japanese journal of experimental social psychology, 27, 2736. Principles of social psychology is adapted from a work produced by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution. So the researchers have conducted the study of prosocial behaviour and self concept in male and female adolescents, and also to identify the relationship between prosocial behaviour and self concept. Sociologysocial psychology focuses on how selfconcept develops, specifically within the context of.
In this chapter, we examine what social psychologists have learned about the nature of the self. This textbook is based on a critical thinking approach, and its aim is to get students thinking actively and conceptually with a greater focus on the forest. There are a variety of ways to think about the self. For example, imagine a woman whose self concept contains the social identities of student, girlfriend, daughter, psychology student, and tennis player and who has encountered a wide variety of life experiences. A client with a positive selfconcept is more likely to change unhealthy habits such as sedentary lifestyle and smoking to promote health than a client with a negative selfconcept. It was then that he realized a fresh approach to a social psychology textbook was needed to structure and integrate student learning.
Schema model of the selfconcept university of michigan. The self concept is an important term for both social and humanistic psychology. Social psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with how social influences affect how people think, feel, and act. The reemergence of the selfconcept refers mainly to its status. Lewis 1990 suggests that the development of a concept of self has two. Selfconcept is a construct that differentiates social roles selfconcept is a construct that lies ahead of the actual and ideal. Pdf the selfconcept and the manners by which it changes are two of the most important. Self concept is the construct that negotiates these two selves.
It can be influenced by social situations and even ones own motivation for seeking self knowledge. Social psychology is to do with the way these feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions and goals are constructed and how such psychological factors, in turn, influence our interactions with others. According to carl rogers, self concept has three components. This feeling of knowing oneself is based in part on an assumption of stability that is central to both everyday lay theories about the self and more formal social science the ories about the self. How the learning environment moderates the dynamics of selfconcept.
Self and identity usc dana and david dornsife college of. This adapted edition is produced by the university of minnesota libraries publishing through the elearning support initiative. Self definition in psychology, the notion of the self refers to a persons experience as a single, unitary, autonomous being that is separate from others, experienced with continuity through time and place. There are several different components of selfconcept. Principles of social psychology open textbook library. As for belief, it was typically relegated to the realm of religion. Identity is subsumed within the broader concept of self and is a newer entrant to social psychology. Selfconcept is a factor which helps to study the human behaviour and personality. Scc and scd are hot topics in psychology since they influence thought patterns and behavior. Understanding the content and structure of the self has been increasingly emphasized in social psychology, especially in response to the growing in. A persons selfconcept is composed of evolving subjective conscious and unconscious selfassessments.
Achieving their goals reinforces their positive selfconcept. Content and structure of the selfconcept allen r mcconnell. Differentiate the various types of self awareness and self consciousness. The selfconcept is an important term for both social and humanistic psychology. Social comparison theory was first proposed in 1954 by psychologist leon festinger and suggested that people have an innate drive to evaluate themselves, often in comparison to others. Define and describe the selfconcept, its influence on information processing, and its. Institute for social research, university of michigan, ann. Describe the concepts of self complexity and self concept clarity, and explain how they influence social cognition and behavior.
Selfesteem the extent to which you value yourself selfesteem also known as selfworth refers to the extent to which we like accept or approve of ourselves, or how much we value ourselves. Self concept self concept is a term referring to the whole sum of beliefs that people have about themselves. Two of the most widely used terms are selfconcept and selfesteem. Selfconcept definition selfconcept refers to peoples characteristic ideas about who they are and what they are like. Selfesteem always involves a degree of evaluation and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves.
As a consequence of interaction between the individual and the society certain beliefs, opinions, values, norms, customs and traditions grow to which the individual usually conforms. However, what specifically does self concept consist of. The self concept is different from self consciousness, which is an awareness or preoccupation with ones self. In conleys 1984 terms, self concept clarity is a self opiniona type of individual difference that is useful to assess. Learn social psychology self concept with free interactive flashcards. The readings are in thematic sections covering topics such as self knowledge, self esteem, self regulation, self presentation, and the self and culture. The way we perceive ourselves in relation to the rest of the world plays an important role in our choices, behaviors, and beliefs. It includes the past, present, and future selves, where future selves or possible selves represent individuals ideas of what they might become, what they would like to become, or what they are afraid. Interrogations about the self are as ancient as humankind and the who am i.
Selfconcept and school performance selfconcept has been studied extensively over the last few decades as a major construct related to educational achievement. Journal of personality and social psychology the link between selfesteem and social relationships. Journal of personality and social psychology the link between self esteem and social relationships. Today, selfconcept enhancement is a major goal in many fields, including education, child development, health, sportexercise sciences, social services, and management. Early interest in the self in american psychology at the turn of the present century, when american psychology began to take its place. On a piece of scrap paper or in the margin of this book, quickly jot down three of your best traits or qualities and three of your worst. Although psychologists often talk about the selfconcept, a persons selfconcept typically consists of a loose collection of ideas rather than a single unified conception of the self.
In social psychology, we need to establish a general theory of the self, which can attend to both macro and micro processes, and which avoids the redundancies of separate theories on different. The selfconcept is a rich and complex social representation. Selfconcept is made up of ones selfschemas, and interacts with selfesteem, selfknowledge, and the social self to form the self as a whole. Have you ever had trouble teaching the various topics of social. Oct 27, 2015 principles of social psychology is adapted from a work produced by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution.
Selfdeprecative tendencies in selfevaluation through social comparison. Selfconcept differentiation scd refers to how an individuals selfrepresentation may vary across contexts or social roles e. According to a theory known as social identity theory, self concept is composed of two key parts. Much confusion in social psychology over whether the self is a process or a structure stems from the failure to distinguish between self the self and its derivative terms have occupied a central place within humanistic and clinical orientations in the social sciences. Overview the purpose and adaptiveevolutionary function of the self. Selfconcept is one of the oldest and most important constructs in the social sciences, dating back to at least the seminal work by william james 18901963. Cultural variation in the selfconcept springerlink. Regardless, it has been in various uses in the english. Hurlock use the term selfconcept as a makeup primer base, it composed from all social experience gained from family life that have influenced it. Choose from 500 different sets of social psychology self concept flashcards on quizlet. In conleys 1984 terms, selfconcept clarity is a self opiniona type of individual difference that is useful to assess. The experience of the self includes consciousness of ones physicality as well as ones inner character and emotional life. Lewis 1990 suggests that development of a concept of self has two aspects.
The individuals belief about himself or herself, including the persons attributes and who and what the self is. Jul 24, 2007 overview the purpose and adaptiveevolutionary function of the self. People make all kinds of judgments about themselves, and one of the key ways that we do this is through social comparison, or analyzing the self in relation to. This led to developing a more comprehensive account of selfconcept representation grounded in selfcomplexity but extending into new areas to explain a broader array of phenomena. Why do we present different selves in different situations. The self is composed of our thoughts and beliefs about ourselves, me the self is composed of our selfconcept and selfawareness self concept the content of the self our knowledge about who we are the self is also the active processor of information, the i. Schema model of the self concept the total self concept the schema model leads to a distinctly different definition of the self concept than is commonly encountered in the nursing literature.1499 986 827 827 405 244 712 229 281 1309 1038 11 1384 610 183 616 893 1447 1233 887 1008 852 1417 1189 1196 332 1382 1046 448 1495 1326 701 780